In this LED light Arduino project, I am gonna show you how I made this time catching glove using just an Arduino, accelerometer, and some Led. Using this, you can make something look like it’s frozen in time, move backward and forward through time by simply tilting your hands. This is by far one of our best Arduino LED projects we have ever made. If you want you can check out more simple Arduino projects with LEDs in our blog and our YouTube channel.

Arduino LED Projects Tutorial

This is a simple Arduino project with LEDs. Here will be giving you complete details including the circuit, the PCB files if you want to make a PCB and complete the code. I will provide all the resources so that you can redesign the entire thing, customize it and then make your own version of it. This LED light Arduino project is really cheap, very easy to make and once you have all the components it won’t take more than 10 minutes to make one yourself.

Arduino LED Projects – Creating an Illusion using Arduino – Complete Video Tutorial

My name is Jithin and I’m super excited to teach you everything you need to know about Arduino, Robotics, and other fun DIY hobby projects. If you are a true fan of Arduino and you are really interested in building amazing DIY projects, then this channel is for you. So make sure you subscribe to our channel by hitting the subscribe button here. Now, let’s get started with the project.

Why not make a PCB for your Project?

Making a PCB for your DIY project is not hard nowadays. PCB helps to get rid of all messy wires and stuff and give your project an awesome look. And its cool to make your own PCB for your project right?

Designing a PCB for your Project – The Easy Way

I use Altium Designer to draw the circuit and design the PCB. It is a powerful tool that can be used to design and create your own PCBs for your project as well as complex and multiplayer PCBs for industrial use. Here is the link to the Altium trial version. So make sure you check it out.

How Time Catcher works?

In this LED light Arduino project, we are actually creating an illusion by flashing the led in a particular frequency. The plan is to set the time period which is equal to something repeating itself. 

For example in the case of this fan, we will be flashing this light whenever the blades come at a particular point. It is like taking a point in time snapshot of the object. If the frequency is equal to the frequency of the rotating fan, we will see the fan standing still and we will feel like it is frozen in time. If the frequency is a bit higher, we will feel like the fan is rotating backward. If the frequency is a bit lower we will feel like the fan is rotating forward. All you have to do is blink the LED with a frequency that is equal to or near the frequency of the object.

DIY Science Project using Arduino - Components Required
Components Required – DIY Science Project using Arduino

Arduino LED Projects – Components Needed

To do this project all I used was an

Basically, that’s all we need to get started with simple Arduino projects with LEDs.



Learn Arduino the Easy Way

Are you new to Arduino? Do you want to improve your skills in Arduino programming? You are in the right place. We have a complete beginner-level tutorial for Arduino which covers everything from scratch. In this free Arduino Tutorial for Beginners guide, we will be taking a look at Introduction to Arduino platform, getting started with Arduino IDE, different types of Arduino boards, and a lot of DIY projects using Arduino. Check it Out!

arduino tutorial for beginners
Arduino Tutorial for Beginners

Lets start learning Arduino



Step 1 – The Circuit 

Drawing Schematics and PCB Design using Altium

Altium Announces Major Update to Flagship PCB Design Tool at Annual  Conference

I use Altium Designer to draw the circuit and design the PCB. It is a powerful tool that can be used to design and create your own PCBs for your project as well as complex and multiplayer PCBs for industrial use. Here is the link to the Altium trial version.

Now let’s take a look at the circuit. Here you will see a voltage is input terminal, Vin gloves, where I can connect a 9-volt battery or a DC power adaptor. This voltage input is connected to a 7805 voltage regulator which will convert an unregulated DC voltage of 7 to 32 volt to 5 volt DC power supply. This 5 V is then connected to Arduino and Indicator LED as well as the accelerometer.

Time Catcher Circuit Diagram
Time Catcher Arduino Circuit

For this PCB I decided to go with Arduino Pro Mini because of its small size. But of course, you can use any Arduino board for this project.  

IO pin 8 and 9 are connected to two terminals where I was planning on connecting some 5 V LEDs. Since I decided to go with Neopixel ring Pin 9 was all I used. X and Y output of the accelerometer is connected to analog pins a0 and a1 of Arduino.

For our Arduino LED project, there are some headers that are connected to the analog pins of Arduino in this PCB. The reason why I added that is because if you connect a Potentiometer to the analog pins it will be easy for you to adjust the blinking frequency without coding. Even if you are not using a Potentiometer,  everything should work but you will have to adjust the frequency programmatically every time you want to change it. 

Basically, that’s all I needed for this project. If you are planning on making it,  make sure you try it out on a breadboard and once you get the output you can use it as such or create your own PCB.

Time Catcher PCB Layout
Time Catcher PCB Layout

I personally like PCBs. PCBs are neat and help to get rid of all nasty wires hanging around. And it’s cool to make your own PCBs for your project right. I used Altium designer to draw the circuit nd design the PCB. It is a powerful tool that can be used to design and create your own PCBs for your project as well as complex and multiplayer PCBs for industrial use.

Step 2 – Ordering PCBs from PCBWay

I ordered my PCB from PCBWay. PCBWay is a PCB manufacturer specializing in PCB prototyping, low-volume production, and neat and tidy PCB Assembly.

Ordering PCBs from PCBWay
Ordering PCBs from PCBWay

To order your PCB from the PCBWay, Go to the PCBWay website and fill in the basic board details in the instant order form. From there you will be directed to a form where you can provide more elaborate board details. Update your board information in the PCB Specification screen. In the next screen, you should be able to upload your Gerber file and submit it for review. Once the review is completed, all that is left is to add to the cart, make the payment, and wait for the custom-made PCBs of one of our Arduino LED Projects to arrive.

Once you get all the components and the PCB, it’s time for you to solder them together. Solder all the components onto the board and make sure to check the polarity of the components. After soldering the PCB for our simple Arduino projects with LEDs looks like this.

Step 3 – Coding

Now let’s take a look at the code of our Arduino LED Project. The first thing is to call the libraries and header files that are needed to run the code. Since I am using the neo pixel library I have to include its header files, pin configuration, as well as libraries to control the neopixel ring.

#include <Adafruit_NeoPixel.h>
#ifdef __AVR__
 #include <avr/power.h>
#endif
#define PIN        9 
#define NUMPIXELS 16 
Adafruit_NeoPixel pixels(NUMPIXELS, PIN, NEO_GRB + NEO_KHZ800);

int x,y,ontime,offtime;

void setup() {
#if defined(__AVR_ATtiny85__) && (F_CPU == 16000000)
  clock_prescale_set(clock_div_1);
#endif
  pixels.begin();
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
  lightnormal(); // Turn light ON for 5 minutes before it starts blinking
  delay(5000);
}

void loop() {

y=map(analogRead(A1), 250, 410, 10, 100);
Serial.print("Y = ");
Serial.println(y);

ontime = y/128;
offtime = y;
lightup();
}


void lightup()
{
  pixels.clear();
  pixels.show();
  delay(offtime);
  pixels.fill(pixels.Color(255, 255, 255), 0, 15);
  pixels.show();
  delay(ontime);

/* // Code for LED Connected to D9(If you are not using Neopixel Ring)
  digitalWrite(D9, HIGH);
  delay(ontime);
  digitalWrite(D9, LOW);
  delay(offtime);
  */
}

void lightnormal()
{
  pixels.fill(pixels.Color(120, 120, 120), 0, 15);
  pixels.show();

/* // Code for LED Connected to D9 (If you are not using Neopixel Ring)
  digitalWrite(D9, LOW);
  */
  
}

But if you have decided not to use neopixel LED ring and go with ordinary LED you won’t have to use any of these codes. 

Simple Arduino projects with LEDs – Code Explained

After that, we will declare 4 variables X, Y, ON time, and OFF time.

In the setup function, we will initialize the neopixel ring, start the serial communication and turn on the LED or ring for 5 seconds before it starts blinking. 

void setup() {
#if defined(__AVR_ATtiny85__) && (F_CPU == 16000000)
  clock_prescale_set(clock_div_1);
#endif
  pixels.begin();
  Serial.begin(9600);
  
  lightnormal(); // Turn light ON for 5 minutes before it starts blinking
  delay(5000);
}

In the loop, the function will be taking the analog reading of pin A1 where the output of the accelerometer is connected, whose value varies from 250 to 410, and map that to a value between 10 and 100.

y=map(analogRead(A1), 250, 410, 10, 100);

This value is then divided by 128 and stored in the variable on time and the value y is saved in the variable of time. 

ontime = y/128;
offtime = y;

Now all I have to do is turn on and off the LED on the neopixel ring with the value of on-time and off-time as on an off delay.

In the light-up function,  we will be turning on all the LED in the ring and wait for a duration of on time, which is usually a few milliseconds. After that, it will clear all the LEDs and wait for the duration of time.  this whole thing repeats again and again.

void lightup()
{
  pixels.clear();
  pixels.show();
  delay(offtime);
  pixels.fill(pixels.Color(255, 255, 255), 0, 15);
  pixels.show();
  delay(ontime);

/* // Code for LED Connected to D9(If you are not using Neopixel Ring)
  digitalWrite(D9, HIGH);
  delay(ontime);
  digitalWrite(D9, LOW);
  delay(offtime);
  */
}

The only thing that changes is the on-time and off-time which is directly proportional to the value of the Y output of the accelerometer. That is how I changed the blinking frequency by tilting my hand. 

The light normal function will turn on all the LEDs of neopixel ring.

Coding Tips for Arduino LED Projects

And you can use these codes instead of this neopixel code If you are using an LED instead of neopixel ring.

The only adjustments we will have to make it in this section.

y=map(analogRead(A1), 250, 410, 10, 100);

You can play around with these values and once you get to know the correct frequency you can finetune and adjust the values.  at first, the on-time and off-time were set as y.  but after so many trials I found out that it’s best to set the value of on-time as low as possible.  Setting it to a lower value as compared to time will give a sharper image. That’s the code for our LED light Arduino project.

Step 4 – Uploading the Code

The code is complete now you can select the right port and board and upload the code.

Step 5 – Assembling and Testing our simple Arduino project with LEDs

Now you can connect everything to the gloves. You can use a glue gun to fix the neopixel ring in the palm of the glove and the board and the battery on the backside of the gloves. 

Arduino LED Projects in Action
DIY Science Project using Arduino – Time Catcher in Action

That’s it, guys. Our Arduino LED Project is now done now you can turn it on and have fun with it.


Awesome Arduino Projects you DONT WANNA MISS!

Here is a list of the creative Arduino Projects implementing newer sensors and boards, which can be followed easily and are really interesting to implement. Even if you are a beginner and just started learning Arduino based projects, following these tutorials will be easy. All of the below Arduino based projects are well-explained step by step, with detailed tutorials on how to get started from scratch.

Give me more Awesome Projects!


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